Agroecology exchange from peasant to peasant in Europe
Republication of an article from October 2019
Erasmus + funded “Agroecology exchange from peasant to peasant in Europe (P2P)” project aims to contribute to develop peasant agroecology as it was defined by the Evenstad declaration, adopted by consensus by peasants from all over Europe. The main goal of this project is therefore to design a common training referential thanks to the implementation of a European peasant-to-peasant knowledge and training exchange network, combining both local and European levels. The Grundtvig project « Understanding Agroecology » (2013-15) has already allowed part of these partners to work closely together. Its conclusions underlined the need of putting in common initiatives to create a European network exchange of good practices in peasant agroecology.
There are 6 ECVC members in this project as partners: Confédération Paysanne (France), Ehne Bizkaia (Basque Country, State of Spain), ARI (Italy), Le MAP (Belgium), NBS (Norway), Eco Ruralis (Romania)
This project aims to develop peasant agroecology in Europe through training and the exchange of best practices from peasant to peasant. The project works towards a systematic and global approach to peasant agroecology as well as an understanding of the political issues that influence its development. The project also pays attention to specific issues within peasant agroecology such as the transmission of farms, the proactive management of cultivated biodiversity, technological independence and food autonomy in the rearing of animals. Over the course of the project, a reference document for peasant agroecology that is adaptable to different European countries will be drafted. It will be made public and shared among European peasant organisations to facilitate and encourage the introduction of training in peasant agroecology.
Each training activity involves an analysis of agricultural policies relevant to the theme under discussion, theoretical training and practical implementation. A significant amount of time is automatically allocated to listen to the experiences of the peasants participating in the project and to exchange best practices. The participants are the peasants who involved in the exchange from the partner organisations.
The project is structured around five learning and teaching activities or seminars, and several transnational meeting for the coordination. The thematic seminars are planned to be held based on agroecological practices, chosen according to the specific hosting country’s expertise. The first meeting was organised by Ehne-Bizkaia in Spain. The meeting aimed at proposing a farm-scale diagnostic method, with real-life situation and concrete implementation. This method is partly based on the tool which was designed and improved by la FADEAR nearly 30 years ago. It was also a way to introduce the different themes of peasant agroecology that will be develop in the following activities. Second training, “Transmission in peasant agroecology” was held on 28-30 October in Tilff, Belgium and hosted by MAP, ECVC member organization in Wallonia in Belgium.
The full list of trainings are below:
1. introduction to the identification of peasant agroecology in farms (Confédération Paysanne)
2. Transmission in peasant agroecology (Le MAP)
3. Technological autonomy (ARI) – cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic
4. proactive management of cultivated biodiversity (Eco Ruralis) – cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic
5. Local development (Confédération paysanne) – cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic