The migratory phenomenon has acquired different connotations and motivations depending on the historical period. For example the rural south of Italy has been a source of migration for several decades, as its population migrated towards Northern Italy in search of work. Nowadays, this same area is a place of immigration: migrants from Africa or Middle East land here on their way to Northern Europe and often stay to find a job and a place to live, despite the atrocial conditions. Clearly, migration is a permanent and historical global phenomenon, and work is always an issue that is closely linked with migration. In situations of crisis (such as wars, economic crisis or climate change) migration has subsequently followed as a direct result of lack of resources. Thus, migrants will inevitably accept jobs despite the often-insalubrious conditions.
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