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Rights to land, natural resources and soil

We advocate for agrarian reform—a transformation of our relationship with the land to provide greater social and ecological justice, respecting rights, cultures, landscapes, the environment, and peoples’ food sovereignty. All frameworks for regulating agricultural land and natural resources must be based on Article 17 of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, which enshrines the right to land and natural resources, and on the CFS Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT). Struggles for land have always been linked to social justice, and we reiterate that land is not a commodity but a right!

We understand that agricultural land is a limited natural resource that can be understood in three dimensions: soil (a living ecosystem essential to the fertility of the land), tenure (the issue of delimitation and governance of agricultural land), and use (all practices carried out in this area). Europe’s territories and landscapes are part of its heritage, and a result of the social function of land over the centuries. Issues related to agricultural land therefore have also a strong cultural component, alongside their environmental aspect.

However, as a result of the industrialisation of agriculture, agricultural land is under threat everywhere from land grabbing and concentration, land sealing and degradation of soil health, financialisation of land, decrease in the number of farms and farmers, difficulties in accessing land for young and new farmers, deforestation, water pollution, etc. These phenomena are exacerbated by the CAP because, by granting subsidies according to surface area, it favours land concentration and land grabbing in Europe and around the world.

Key objectives

  1. Put an end to land concentration and land grabbing.
  2. Establish a land observatory to monitor land transactions.
  3. Facilitate access to land for young and new farmers.
  4. Protect and defend collective and customary land use rights.
  5. Give priority to the agroecological use of land.
  6. Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy genuinely supporting the creation of employment.opportunities instead of granting subsidies based on surface area.